This awardee has received supplemental funding. This award detail page includes information about both the original award and supplemental awards.
Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2012, $1,000,000)
The Second Chance Act of 2007 provides a comprehensive response to the increasing number of people who are released from prison and jail and returning to communities, including resources to address the myriad needs of these offenders to achieve a successful return to their communities. Under the Second Chance Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-199, Sec 245), the Demonstration Field Experiment (DFE): Fostering Desistance through Effective Supervision Program provides funding to states, units of local government, territories, and federally recognized Indian tribes (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior) in an effort to enhance public safety and to improve the outcomes of parolees by implementing and rigorously testing an innovative reentry model in up to four jurisdictions across the United States.
In order to generate new knowledge about effective solutions for working with offenders in the community and to enhance practice-the DFE will focus on examining the community-based components of a comprehensive reentry strategy. The DFE will also examine how post-release interactions, programs, services, and activities impact parolees. While DFE sites must have a comprehensive pre- and post-release reentry initiative already established, the results from this DFE are expected to enhance the knowledge base for working with post-release offenders in the community.
The DFE model presents a crime desistance based framework to improve the cognitive and behavioral capabilities of offenders during the period of parole. Each component of the desistance model serves to integrate parole/supervised release and community-based services in a collaborative framework that works in tandem to address criminogenic needs.
The goals are to: improve the offender's motivation to change; address cognitive and behavioral functioning regarding crime-prone thoughts and behaviors; and address core criminogenic needs that affect offender performance while on parole. The model also works on building the infrastructure of the reentry process and community-based services to deliver collaborative and seamless services. The collaborative intervention is designated for offenders that are moderate to high risk offenders, based on the results of a validated risk assessment instrument.
The Swift, Certain, and Fair Sanctions Program (SCF): Replicating the Concepts Behind Project HOPE Program provides funding to states, units of local government, territories, and federally recognized Indian tribes (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior) in an effort to enhance public safety, foster collaboration, and to improve the outcomes of individuals under the supervision of community corrections.
The goals of this program, funded by the Consolidated and Further Appropriations Act, 2015, Pub. L. No. 113-235, 128 Stat. 2130, 2194, are to develop and enhance SCF initiatives and implement the SCF model with fidelity, resulting in reduced recidivism and better outcomes for program participants. SCF approaches are intended to: (a) improve supervision strategies that reduce recidivism; (b) promote and increase collaboration among agencies and officials who work in community corrections and related fields to enhance swift and certain sanctions; (c) enhance the offenders perception that the supervision decisions are fair, consistently applied, and consequences are transparent; and (d) improve the outcomes of individuals participating in these initiatives.
The Iowa Department of Justice will use FY16 Second Chance Demonstration Field Experiment (DFE): Fostering Desistance through Effective Supervision supplemental funds to support the Changing Attitudes and Motivational in Parolees (CHAMPS) program. The program goal is to further the Departments commitment to generate new evidence about services and programs that help facilitate the successful reintegration of offenders as they return to their communities. Specifically, the DFE design would focus on techniques to improve offenders motivation to change and strategies to alter criminal thinking, using a desistance approach, in an effort to answer critical questions about the impact on offender outcomes. The SCA DFE sought to address an offenders motivation to change as well as criminal thinking, two areas in need of more scientific information.