DOJ launched CTAS in 2010 to improve the flexibility of its grant process to better serve the criminal justice needs of federally recognized tribes. Under CTAS, tribes and tribal consortia can, for the first time, submit a single application for most of DOJ's tribal grant programs. CTAS enables tribes and DOJ to have a better understanding of the tribes' overall public safety needs. CTAS is not a program, but is rather an overarching structure under which 10 separate grant program applications are submitted. "Area 2" of the CTAS is the Comprehensive Tribal Justice Systems Strategic Planning, which is administered by DOJ's Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). This was introduced in fiscal year (FY) 2012 in order to enable tribes to engage in comprehensive justice system-wide strategic planning, so as to improve tribal justice and safety. This includes improving community wellness, increasing the capacity to prevent crime and counter violent crime, and engage in strategic planning through the development of a Tribal Action Plan. In administering resources for this effort, BJA acts on behalf of all CTAS participating DOJ components. Beginning in FY 2018, the award amounts were increased to up to $150,000 for up to 36 months. This was done to ensure adequate resources and time for tribes to do needs assessments and develop comprehensive plans. As part of this effort, the BJA-funded training and technical assistance (TTA) partners to guide the grantee planning team through three phases of training and assist throughout the project's 36-month period. These three phases are described in this Fact Sheet.