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Person Information Availability (PIA) Service Specification, Version 1.0

Date Published
May 2013
Global Standards Council
Publication Series
Publication Type
Technical Assistance

The PIA Service will provide a summary of the availability and location of information relating to a specific person by querying multiple sources.  This capability will enable exchange partners to quickly and efficiently identify the type of information available regarding a specific individual, who is responsible for that information, and where additional information may be obtained.  The PIA Service will search multiple information sources (e.g., law enforcement, courts, probation/parole, human services, open source media) and will provide a summary of what information about a specific person is available, how current that information is, and where it can be obtained.  The specification places no restrictions on the lines of business that might participate in such an exchange and, as such, the PIA Service could be used to create an enterprise wide virtual “directory” of information.

Privacy:  Because of the variety and complexity of the privacy rules associated with the messages exchanged by the PIA Service and the significant differences from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, it is recommended that a comprehensive authorization and access control mechanism based on Global Federated Identity and Privilege Management (GFIPM) be in place for the implementation of this service.  This would allow implementation of the guidelines defined by the Global Privacy Technical Framework.  Note that, in many cases, simply divulging the existence of information is equivalent to disseminating the information itself.  Implementers must take care to ensure that appropriate authorization and access controls are in place even when exchanging seemingly benign flags that indicate information availability.

NOTE:  To fully review the purpose, scope, capability offered and real-world effect(s) this service specification intends to address, we invite your full review of the associated Service Description Document (SDD).  It can be located by first downloading the service specification zip file on this webpage followed by navigating to the “artifacts” folder.  There you’ll discover the corresponding SDD for this service. 

Date Created: February 16, 2021