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Promising Strategies: Tribal-State Court Relations

NCJ Number
Carole Goldberg; Duane Champagne
Date Published
March 2013
55 pages
This publication spotlights some of the most successful strategies within Tribal and State court interaction initiatives; including child welfare, cross-jurisdictional enforcement of domestic violence orders of protection, and civil commitments.
The 10 programs featured in this publication were selected according to the following criteria: are distinctive and involve innovative processes; present promising solutions; can be replicated or adapted; can be sustained when external funding sources are expended; are culturally compatible with the current beliefs, understandings, values, and future goals of the community; are community components of services; are operated within the tribal nations or governments or operate as nonprofit organizations; demonstrate respect for the jurisdiction of native nations and States and promote tribal administration of justice; uphold non-arbitrary, just, impartial, and non-discriminatory treatment of all persons; achieve benefits of coordinated, consensual, and mutually respectful relations between tribal and nontribal justice agencies; and are carried out so that goals will be achieved; as well include a variety of different cultural backgrounds and represent a variety of different locations and jurisdictional circumstances within the United States. In these Promising Strategies, litigation and confrontation between tribal and State courts have given way to enhanced understanding and cooperative action. Through networks of relationships and innovative programs, they have knit together tribal and state justice systems while respecting their differences. Through the ongoing institutionalization of dialogue and creative responses to common concerns, they hold the promise of more innovative and constructive joint endeavors.

Date Published: March 1, 2013