Federal law provides that NMVTIS should be supported through user fees and not dependent on federal funding. The system operator is authorized to assess and collect user fees not to exceed the cost of operating the system, not permitting any profits to be made by the operator. The law details the types of fees that may be charged and the basis for such fees. The operator is required to notify users of such fees in advance and to account for all fees collected.
Since 1997, approximately $31 million in federal funding has been provided to states and the system operator. During fiscal years 2007-2010, DOJ has issued a competitive funding solicitation, offering states the ability to apply for direct funding from DOJ to participate in NMVTIS. DOJ has also encouraged states to consider using Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program funding, and has encouraged and funded state applications submitted under the Edward Byrne Discretionary Grant Program.