Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2010, $294,469)
This program is funded under the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program. The JAG Program (42 U.S.C. 3751(a)) is the primary provider of federal criminal justice funding to state and local jurisdictions. The JAG Program authorization also states that "the Attorney General may reserve not more than 5 percent, to be granted to 1 or more States or units of local government, for 1 or more of the purposes specified in section 3751 of this title, pursuant to his determination that the same is necessary-(1) to combat, address, or otherwise respond to precipitous or extraordinary increases in crime, or in a type or types of crime" (42 U.S.C. 3756).
The Smart Policing Initiative seeks to build upon the concepts of offender-based and place-based policing and broaden the knowledge of effective policing strategies. The most convincing research demonstrates that place-based or hotspot policing reduces violent crime and neighborhood disorder. This initiative addresses the need for effective policing that requires a tightly focused, collaborative approach that is measurable, based on sound, detailed analysis and includes policies and procedures for accountability. This grant program seeks to build upon data-driven, evidence-based policing by encouraging state and local law enforcement agencies to develop effective, economical, and innovative responses to precipitous or extraordinary increases in crime, or in a type or types of crime within their jurisdictions.
The city of Joliet will use Smart Policing funds to enhance its Strategic Tactical Deployment (STD) initiative. The STD entails weekly analysis of shootings, weapons seizures, robberies, drug arrests, parole information, and gang intelligence to determine the best method of deploying patrol resources. Through the grant, the city will expand the project by drawing on the expertise and data resources of the Will County Probation Department and the Illinois Department of Corrections. The new approach will begin with the dissemination of probationer and parolee information to patrol officers and detectives. The shared intelligence will be analyzed at STD meetings, where geographically-focused assignments will be made based upon input from each participating agency. Street-level officers will then be able to use probation/parole violation information collected to further assist in shooting investigations. Specific grant funded activity will include the support of officer overtime necessary for enforcement efforts in the identified STD areas, and evaluation and consulting services on evidence-based intelligence-led policing practices.