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Police accounts of critical incidents: a descriptive and empirical assessment

NCJ Number
305318
Journal
Journal of Crime & Justice Dated: 2022
Author(s)
Craig Uchida; John McCluskey; Jonathan Kringen; Anne Kringen; Sean Kato; Heleana Melendez; Jennifer Schmitz
Date Published
2022
Annotation

Data from body-worn cameras (BWCs) have emerged as a new approach to measuring police activity.

Abstract

The current research analyzes these critical incidents in three interrelated ways: First, we describe the extent to which BWC footage is used in the critical incident accounts. Second, we assess the quality of the audio and video within the BWC footage that is released. Third, we closely code and analyze the data for patterns of police use of force and citizen resistance within the context of extant theories of use of force. The implications for policy and research, and the utility and limitations of this method for future research are considered. Recently, law enforcement agencies have begun documenting and releasing elements of video and other data to offer the public their accounts of critical incidents involving police-citizen encounters. These include officer-involved shootings, use of force, and police activity involving protests and demonstrations. The current research analyzes these critical incidents in three interrelated ways: First, we describe the extent to which BWC footage is used in the critical incident accounts. Second, we assess the quality of the audio and video within the BWC footage that is released. Third, we closely code and analyze the data for patterns of police use of force and citizen resistance within the context of extant theories of use of force. The implications for policy and research, and the utility and limitations of this method for future research are considered. (Publisher abstract provided)

Date Published: January 1, 2022