The Department of Justice (DOJ) began supporting drug courts over 25 years ago. Through the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, Congress first authorized the Attorney General to make grants to states, state courts, local courts, units of local government, and federally recognized Indian tribal government to establish drug courts. In 1995, the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) established the Drug Court Discretionary Grant Program, occurring just 6 years after the implementation of the nation’s first drug court in Miami, Florida. This work was merged into the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) in 2003.
The Adult Drug Court Grant Program provides financial and technical assistance to states, state courts, local courts, units of local government, and federally recognized Indian tribal governments to implement or enhance the operations of drug courts. These courts effectively integrate evidence-based substance abuse treatment, mandatory drug testing, incentives and sanctions, and transitional services in judicially supervised court settings that have jurisdiction over offenders to reduce recidivism and substance abuse.