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Second Chance Month

April 2022

In recognition and support of Second Chance Month (April), the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) shares the following resources. As resources are released and event details become available, they will be included on this page.

Second Chance Month Activities

During the month, the BJA-supported National Reentry Resource Center (NRRC) hosted activities along with American Institutes for Research, Vera Institute of Justice, CSG Justice Center, RTI International, and others. Second Chance Month featured live learning events, videos, podcasts, and publications to support the field as well as Second Chance Act grantees with their reentry programs. View the April 2022 Calendar to learn about events.

See the Calendar of Events

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Program Information

In fiscal year 2022, BJA is supporting a number of grant programs that provide state, local and Tribal governments, private and nonprofit organizations, and colleges and universities with the tools, training, and resources they need to support people experiencing and working in reentry.

Second Chance Act Community-based Reentry Program
This program supports organizations and tribal governments providing comprehensive reentry services to individuals who have been incarcerated. Prior to release from incarceration, individuals will be screened, assessed, and identified for program participation. Following release from incarceration, participants will receive case management services and be connected to evidence-based programming designed to ensure that the transition from prison or jail to the community is safe and successful.

Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation
This program provides funding for tribes to engage in comprehensive justice system strategic planning that will improve tribal justice and safety; develop, support, and enhance adult tribal justice systems to prevent crime related to illicit opioid, alcohol, and other substance use and misuse; and renovate, expand, and/or replace tribal justice facilities to enhance facility conditions and/or add capacity for recidivism reduction programming.

Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse Program (COSSAP)
This program aims to reduce the impact of opioids, stimulants, and other substances on individuals and communities by supporting comprehensive, collaborative initiatives. BJA’s COSSAP funding provides necessary resources that allow communities to respond to illicit substance use and misuse to reduce overdose deaths, promote public safety, and support access to treatment and recovery services in the criminal justice system.

Improving Reentry Education and Employment Outcomes Program
This program supports recidivism reduction through education opportunities and enhanced employment prospects for incarcerated adults reentering the workforce and emphasizes strong partnerships among corrections, parole, probation, education, workforce.

Improving Substance Use Disorder Treatment and Recovery Outcomes for Adults in Reentry Program
This program provides grant funding and technical assistance to state, local, and tribal governments, as well as nonprofit organizations, to enhance their corrections systems’ ability to address the substance use disorder (SUD) treatment needs of people, including parents of minor children and pregnant women, during incarceration and reentry in an effort to reduce recidivism and promote recovery.

Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program (JMHCP)
This program supports innovative cross-system collaboration to improve responses to and outcomes for individuals with mental health disorders or cooccurring mental health and substance use disorders who are in the justice system or reentering the community.

Pay for Success Initiative
This program is performance-based and outcomes-based programming that ties payment for services to reaching agreed-upon goals. Under this initiative, services that may be purchased include permanent supportive housing, as well as other types of reentry services that are tailored to individuals leaving incarceration, particularly those with substance use disorders.

Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) for State Prisoners Program
The RSAT for State Prisoners Program assists states, local, and tribal governments in the development and implementation of substance abuse treatment programs in state, local, and tribal correctional and detention facilities. Funds are also available to create and maintain community reintegration services for offenders after they are released from incarceration.

Smart Reentry and Supervision with Technical Assistance: New Tools to Facilitate Change
This program provides corrections and community supervision agencies with funding, technical assistance, and new tools to identify the strengths and gaps in their reentry systems and improve their overall approach to reentry.

Swift, Certain, and Fair Supervision Program
This program provides state, local, and tribal community supervision agencies with information, resources, and technical assistance to advance their responses to the behavior of adults on supervision improve supervision outcomes and reduce recidivism.

See Additional Programs

Fact Sheet

Access the following fact sheet to learn more about how BJA is supporting reentry efforts:

See Additional Publications


Access the Building Second Chances: Tools for Local Reentry Coalitions toolkit, which is designed for local city, county, and community leaders who want to play an active role in improving reentry policy, practice, and outcomes. Within, you will find user-friendly references to seminal publications, research findings, and noteworthy examples of the foundational knowledge needed to design new reentry strategies and reinvigorate existing ones.

Access the Toolkit

Date Modified: March 30, 2022
Date Created: April 9, 2020